At the moment, there are a huge number of journal publications in the world. There are various classifications of magazines according to the following characteristics: readership, geographical coverage, nature of information, publishing body, method of presentation of information, thematic focus, purpose. The most important distinguishing features are thematic focus, intended use and readership. Let us consider the existing types of journals according to these features. In modern publishing practice the following types of journals are distinguished:
Scientific – journals published by the scientific community for the exchange of scientific and technical information between scientists, contain publications about scientific discoveries and achievements. They have a narrow readership.
The typology of periodicals is still under development and therefore does not have a clear definition. However, an analysis of the few works devoted to this problem creates approaches to solving it.
For example, the textbook “Mass Media System” identifies the following as the main typology features: the nature of the audience, the subject matter, the intended purpose, the time of publication, and the periodicity.
The division of journals into types is necessary for the clear-cut work of the publishers, enabling them to concentrate on a specific subject, provide better quality material, be more detailed and with more commentary. Also, the typology helps readers to find the information they need in the journals easier, so, for example, reading a popular magazine, the consumer will not come across scientific articles that are not interesting to him and vice versa.